Different Stages of Epilepsy Seizure Patient Might Be Unaware

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There are three stages of a Epilepsy Seizure:

Aura Stage

For some types of seizures, an aura happens before a seizure and may alert a person that a seizure may occur. Auras typically begin seconds before the seizure.The symptoms that accompany an aura can vary depending on the type of seizure and the area of the brain affected. Some symptoms of aura include:

  • Unusual feelings
  • Abnormal sensations
  • Forced thinking
  • Deja vu (familiar feelings) or jamais vu (unfamiliar feelings)
  • Perceived sounds, tastes, or smells (some people report smelling burning rubber, for example)
  • Physical sensations, like dizziness, headache, numbness, and lightheadedness
  • Nausea
  • Distorted emotions, such as panic or fear

At the University of Chicago Medicine, we offer an advanced treatment designed to prevent seizures before they start, and often before a patient feels the aura . The NeuroPace Responsive Neurostimulation System (RNS) is a tiny device that detects abnormal brain activity and responds in real time to deliver short bursts of electrical stimulation designed to reduce how often seizures happen. RNS treatment is just one of several treatment options we provide, from the latest anti-epileptic drugs to Visualase MRI-guided laser thermal ablation, a sophisticated procedure that uses lasers to destroy seizure-causing tissue with pinpoint accuracy.

Ictus Stage

The ictus stage is the seizure itself. Signs and symptoms at this stage will vary depending on the type of seizure your child experiences.

There are generalized seizures, including tonic-clonic (grand mal), tonic, clonic, absence (petite mal), myoclonic and atonic seizures.There are also partial (focal) seizures, including simple partial (simple focal) and complex partial (psychomotor) seizures.

Post-Ictal Stage

This is the post-seizure stage. As your child’s body begins to relax and recover from the seizure, some aftereffects may set in. This stage may vary in length from a minute or 2 up to a half hour or even longer. Symptoms of the post-ictal stage may include:

  • Confusion
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Numbness
  • Partial (temporary) paralysis

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